Irrigation scheme has become a necessity and for the irrigation to function properly, one has to have some expertise and technical knowledge. There are certain points you should consider before deciding on installing an irrigation system in your garden or lawn. The effects come due to the different operating procedures and climatic conditions induced by the installation and maintenance of the irrigation system. The following points are designed to guide you while installing and maintaining irrigation plan:
The effects of irrigation scheme vary with the use of water, type of soil, frequency of usage and the amount of water used during the day. An irrigation scheme attracts water from lakes, rivers, groundwater or overland water, and transfers it to a specific area. Irrigation scheme works on the principle of the surface to ground or surface to air transport.
A scheme includes the collection of water, the transportation it to a certain area where the water is used and the distribution of it into a garden or lawn. Irrigation plan is designed so that the water used can be reused. However, the water should be treated before it is released to the soil. Soil and water should be treated separately before any further usage of water take place.
Water from the lake, river or other bodies of water is collected in an irrigation well or tank and transported to an irrigation plot. These plots are small areas near the water body where the water can be treated before being released. The plot is usually used to grow plants. Irrigation scheme helps in providing water at a good quality.
When water is collected in the reservoir, it is then used to irrigate the plots. The reservoir contains a layer of silt and mud, which can be harmful if not treated properly. It also contains sediments such as lime deposits and other natural sediments, which can be dangerous for the plants. Irrigation scheme also involves the collection of water in the reservoir, transportation it to the plot and treatment of it. This procedure helps in controlling the level of silt and mud in the reservoir.
Water from wells, dams, rivers or other bodies of water is also collected in irrigation well and transferred to the plot after treatment. The water then passes through channels and flows in underground channels. Once it reaches the plot, it is treated by using a variety of methods depending on the conditions prevailing in the area. These methods include chemical treatment, mechanical treatment, aeration and erosion control of growth and other factors.
Irrigation scheme does not only work on the principle of the surface to ground or surface to air transport of water, it also requires the use of aeration to spread the water evenly throughout the area. Aeration is used to improve the quality of the water and to increase its flow. Aeration in this case is done by pumping the water out of wells, dams, streams and other bodies of water. It is done to keep the water in its reservoir at a cool temperature. This process also increases the life span of the water by decreasing its evaporation.
Irrigation scheme helps in preventing erosion of land. The spread of earth is lessened due to the absence of soil erosion in areas where the water is stored in reservoirs. However, the soil remains intact in areas of the reservoir. This helps the soil retain moisture and nutrients.
Irrigation scheme provides water that is clean and free from contaminants. Irrigation scheme is essential in reducing the need for water treatment plants by using potable water. A proper irrigation scheme reduces the usage of water tanks to provide adequate water to the plants.
Irrigation scheme is very important when the plots are being grown in open spaces. This scheme enables a good distribution of water. to all parts of the plot.
Irrigation scheme should be implemented by a professional. It helps in conserving the resources and also minimizes the usage of water.